performed 퀴즈EN[pɚ.ˈfɔɹmd] [pə.ˈfɔːmd]
- 각 질문에 대한 가장 적절한 대답을 선택합니다.
- 문제 1 :
The thermodynamic free energy is the amount of work that a thermodynamic system can _______; it is the internal energy of a system minus the amount of energy that cannot be used to _______ work. That unusable energy is given by the entropy of a system multiplied by the temperature of the system. (Note that, for both Gibbs and Helmholtz free energies, temperature is assumed to be fixed, so entropy is effectively directly proportional to useless energy.
Quantitative real-time PCR was _________ using the iQTM SYBRgreen supermix (Bio-Rad) and the iCycler MyiQTM real-time PCR detection system (Bio-Rad).